IP and MAC addresses
What is an IP address?
An IP address (Internet Protocol address) is the unique identification number given to every device that is connected to the internet. It represents the unique location on which you are connected to the internet, allowing devices all over the world to communicate with each other. Without these unique location addresses, data could not be transmitted between devices accurately. IP addresses are similar to your postal address, you cannot expect to get letters to your home unless you have a unique way of identifying it from all the other homes.
When connecting to the internet, you are assigned an IP address to use for your session. This is issued by your network or ISP.
If you take your laptop to McDonalds and connect to the internet, the IP address will differ from when you connected to the internet in Starbucks. This is because the location you are using to connect to the internet has changed.
An Internet Service Provider (ISP) will assign your home with an IP address for your family to use. These are usually dynamic address that may change from time to time, unless you pay extra for a static address that never changes.
An IP address may look like: 18.104.22.168
What is a MAC address?
A MAC address (Media Access Control address) is a unique number that identifies the actual device that is connected to the internet or network.
A MAC address does not change when you connect to the internet from different locations, it is part of the network interface card (NIC) inside your device.
A MAC address is made up of 48 bits, shown as 6 groups of hexadecimal digits.
A MAC address may look like: 00 12 0E A6 B0 68
The first half of a MAC address will identify the manufacturer of the device (or NIC). The second half is the serial number of the device.