Topics / Security / Hacking and Malware

Hacking and Malware

Hacking

Hacking is the illegal access to a computer system without the owner’s consent or knowledge.  In an age of networks that never sleep, hacking can be done remotely from anywhere.

Hacking poses a real threat to people and organisations, damage can include:

  • Loss of personal information, which could lead to identity theft
  • Wide scale loss of customer information
  • Deleted or corrupted data

Ways to reduce the risk of hacking

  • Use if anti-hacking software
  • Use of strong passwords and none obvious user ids
  • Firewalls

Malware

Malware is any malicious software, but it is more commonly know as viruses and spyware.

Viruses A program or code that replicates itself; designed to amend, delete or copy data or files on a user’s computer; often causes the computer to crash or run slowly
Spyware Software that gathers information by monitoring key presses on a user’s keyboard; the data is sent back to the originator of the software

Malware damage can include:

  • Unresponsive or slow computer performance
  • Computer stops functioning properly or crashes
  • Poor battery life
  • Deleted files/data
  • Corrupted files/data
  • Unathorised changes to settings
  • Additional spyware downloaded
  • Pop ups
  • Access to all data entered, including passwords

Ways to reduce the risk of malware

  • Use anti-malware/anti-virus software
  • Keep all software, including operating system, up to date
  • Don’t download from unknown websites
  • Be careful when opening email attachments
  • Don’t click on pop ups
  • Keep web browser security level medium or higher
Topics / Security / Hacking and Malware